Friday, September 29, 2023

Is Pneumonia Contagious In Humans

What Can I Do To Feel Better If I Have Pneumonia

China admits Wuhan pneumonia virus contagious among people
  • Finish all medications and therapies prescribed by your doctor. Do not stop taking antibiotics when you start feeling better. Continue taking them until no pills remain. If you dont take all your antibiotics, your pneumonia may come back.
  • If over-the-counter medicines to reduce fever have been recommended , take as directed on the label. Never give aspirin to children.
  • Drink plenty of fluids to help loosen phlegm.
  • Quit smoking if you smoke. Dont be around others who smoke or vape. Surround yourself with as much clean, chemical-free air as possible.
  • Use a humidifier, take a steamy shower or bath to make it easier for you to breathe.
  • Get lots of rest. Dont rush your recovery. It can take weeks to get your full strength back.

If at any time you start to feel worse, call your doctor right away.

How To Reduce Your Risk Of Pneumonia

The following actions can help lower your chance of getting pneumonia and other respiratory infections:

  • Get vaccinated. There are several vaccines that help protect against infections caused by certain bacteria or viruses that may lead to pneumonia. For instance, the flu vaccine can help prevent pneumonia caused by the flu virus, and the pneumococcal vaccine can reduce your risk of getting pneumonia caused the bacterium Streptococcus pneumonia. Discuss your vaccine needs with your health care provider.
  • Wash your hands often. Wash your hands with soap and water before preparing and eating food and after using the bathroom, blowing your nose or coming into contact with someone who is sick.
  • Don’t smoke. If you do, get help to quit. Smoking reduces your lung’s ability to fight infections.
  • Don’t share personal items. This includes not sharing utensils toothbrushes and towels with other people, especially those who are sick.
  • Have a healthy lifestyle. Eating a nutritious diet, exercising regularly and getting enough sleep can help keep your immune system strong so you don’t get sick. If you become ill, having healthy habits may help you recover more quickly.

Who Is At High Risk Of Pneumonia

Cases of pneumonia can be mild to severe and even life-threatening, depending on your physical condition and the type of pneumonia your have. Anyoneyoung or oldcan get this respiratory condition. The following groups are more susceptible to developing pneumonia:

  • People 65 years of age and older
  • Patients with a preexisting respiratory illness, such as COPD or asthma
  • People with underlying health problems, such as heart disease or HIV/AIDS
  • Those with weakened immune systems, such as patients undergoing chemotherapy, recovering from surgery, taking immunosuppressant drugs, or breathing on a ventilator
  • People with overall poor health
  • People who smoke or drink excessive amounts of alcohol

A medical professional can diagnose pneumonia with a physical examination or chest X-ray and prescribe medication as necessary.

In general, children are more likely to get pneumonia than adults. Pneumonia is the number one cause of childhood deaths in the world. Although child mortality rates from pneumonia are significantly less in America because of available health care, pneumonia is the number one reason why children are hospitalized in the United States. Children 5 years old and younger are at higher risk for pneumonia than older children.

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Kennel Cough Treatments In Humans

Depending on the situation, doctors may recommend the following treatments for humans with kennel cough:

  • antibiotics

Its important to remember that most healthy humans arent at risk for kennel cough. Research has shown, more often than not, theres an underlying condition that makes the infection more likely.

In one , 7 out of 8 patients with confirmed kennel cough had a significant preexisting medical condition, such as lung disease or autoimmune neutropenia.

Humans who do acquire kennel cough may develop pneumonia or an upper respiratory tract .

Some serious complications of pneumonia may include:

  • When chemicals from the original infection spread to the blood, it can lead to this potentially fatal condition.
  • Lung abscesses.These are collections of pus in the lungs cavities.
  • Pleural effusion. If pneumonia isnt treated, fluid can build up in the layers of tissue around the lungs. In some cases, it can become infected.
  • Respiratory failure. Sometimes, severe cases of pneumonia can cause respiratory failure.

See your doctor if you suspect you have kennel cough or another type of respiratory illness.

How To Prevent Pneumonia

Is Pneumonia Contagious? Symptoms and Treatment

Some pneumonias are preventable. Vaccinations are available to prevent pneumonia caused by some viruses and bacteria. Also, living a healthy lifestyle by eating a balanced diet and regularly exercising can minimize the risk of contracting pneumonia. Routine exercise can increase lung health and resistance to infections.

A healthy lifestyle also includes refraining from smoking and drinking too much alcohol to help keep the immune system healthy. Getting plenty of rest and drinking water is yet another way to help prevent illnesses like pneumonia.

Practicing thorough hand washing can also reduce your exposure to germs that can cause pneumonia, especially during cold and flu season. If you cough or sneeze, do your best to do so into a disposable tissue or the elbow of your sleeve, followed by washing your hands. Be sure to disinfect frequently used surfaces such as telephones, countertops, and doorknobs to prevent the spread of germs that can cause pneumonia.

Lastly, if people in your community are sick, do your best to practice social distancing when possible. Reducing your exposure to bacteria and viruses while living a healthy and active lifestyle can play an essential role in maintaining wellness.

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Who Is At Risk

Pneumococcal disease occurs around the world but is more common in low- and middle-income countries where fewer people get pneumococcal vaccine. In more temperate climates, pneumococcal disease is more common during winter and early spring. In tropical climates with dry and rainy seasons, pneumococcal disease tends to occur more in the dry season.

Travelers are more likely to get pneumococcal disease if they spend time in crowded settings or in close contact with children in countries where pneumococcal vaccine is not routinely used.

Can You Get The Flu From Your Dog

Dog flu is caused by a virus that can be transmitted to other dogs, but there are currently no cases where it has spread to humans. It is caused by a different type of virus than the one that makes us feel all achy and feverish. Because there have been rare, isolated reports of sick dogs infecting cats, ferrets, and guinea pigs, sick dogs should be safely isolated from other pets in the home. However, you don’t have to worry about contracting the flu from them.

Some diseases can be passed between dogs and humans. Learn about the risks of these zoonotic diseases.

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What Are The Symptoms Of Pneumonia

The symptoms of bacterial pneumonia include:

  • Bluish color to lips and fingernails

  • Confused mental state or delirium, especially in older people

  • Cough that produces green, yellow, or bloody mucus

  • Fever

Mycoplasma pneumonia has somewhat different symptoms, which include a severe cough that may produce mucus.

Is Kennel Cough Contagious To Humans

China admits Wuhan pneumonia virus contagious among people

If your pup has a bad, hacking cough that wont go away, it could be kennel cough. In extremely rare circumstances, you can develop it, too.

Kennel cough, also known as infectious tracheobronchitis, is a group of contagious respiratory diseases that often affect dogs.

While uncommon, kennel cough can be passed from animals to humans.

Read on to learn how kennel cough is transmitted to humans, whos at risk, and how the disease is treated.

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Causes And Risk Factors Of Pneumonia

How do you get pneumonia? The majority of the germs that cause infection are spread from person to person through droplets, from coughing or sneezing.

People who smoke are at higher risk for pneumonia, as are people on immunosuppressive medications, and people who are frequently in close, crowded spaces with others, such as college students and military personnel.

What Are The Signs And Symptoms Of Pneumonia In Children

The signs and symptoms of pneumonia in children vary from child to child and also depend on your childs age, cause of the infection, and severity of their illness.

Usual symptoms include:

  • Cry more than usual. Are restless or more fussy.

Adolescents have the same symptoms as adults, including:

  • Cough.
  • Difficulty breathing/shortness of breath.
  • Chest pain.

Newborns are at greater risk of pneumonia caused by bacteria present in the birth canal. In young children, viruses are the main cause of pneumonia.

Pneumonia caused by bacteria tends to happen suddenly, starting with fever and fast breathing. Symptoms appear more slowly and tend to be less severe when pneumonia is caused by viruses.

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Is Bacterial Pneumonia Contagious In Children

Is bacterial pneumonia contagious in children? Is Pneumonia Contagious? In general, pneumonia is not contagious, but the upper respiratory viruses and bacteria that lead to it are. When these germs are in someones mouth or nose, that person can spread the illness through coughs and sneezes.

How contagious is bacterial pneumonia? Bacterial pneumonia itself is not contagious, but the infection that caused bacterial pneumonia is contagious. It can spread through coughs, sneezes, and contamination on objects. Practicing good hygiene can help prevent the spread of pneumonia or the risk of catching it.

How long is pneumonia contagious in children? Your child could be contagious until the symptoms go away, in about 2-4 weeks. Once the fever goes down and your child stops coughing up phlegm, it should be safe for them to meet other people.

What is the most common cause of bacterial pneumonia in children? Viruses are the most frequent cause of pneumonia in preschool-aged children Streptococcus pneumoniae is the most common bacterial pathogen. Mycoplasma pneumoniae and Chlamydia pneumoniae often are the etiologic agents in children older than five years and in adolescents.

Upper Respiratory Infection Versus Lower: Whats The Difference

How Long Is Pneumonia Contagious?

The body’s respiratory system includes the nose, sinuses, mouth, throat , voice box , windpipe , and lungs. Upper respiratory infections affect the parts of the respiratory tract that are higher on the body, including the nose, sinuses, and throat, while lower respiratory infections affect the airways and lungs.

Upper Respiratory Infection

Types of upper respiratory infection include the common cold , the mild flu, tonsillitis, laryngitis, and sinus infection. Of the upper respiratory infection symptoms, the most common is a cough. Lung infections may also lead to a stuffy or runny nose, sore throat, sneezing, achy muscles, and headache.

Lower Respiratory Infection

Lower respiratory infections may be found in your lungs or breathing airways. They can be caused by viral infections like the severe flu or bacterial infections like tuberculosis. Lower respiratory infection symptoms include a severe cough that may produce mucus , cause shortness of breath, chest tightness, and wheezing when exhaling.

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Articles On Pneumonia Types

âWalking pneumonia” sounds like it could be the name of a sci-fi horror flick. But it’s actually the least scary kind of pneumonia. It can be milder than the other types, and you usually donât have to stay in the hospital. You could have walking pneumonia and not even know it.

What Are The Treatments For Pneumonia

Treatment for pneumonia depends on the type of pneumonia, which germ is causing it, and how severe it is:

  • Antibiotics treat bacterial pneumonia and some types of fungal pneumonia. They do not work for viral pneumonia.
  • In some cases, your provider may prescribe antiviral medicines for viral pneumonia
  • Antifungal medicines treat other types of fungal pneumonia

You may need to be treated in a hospital if your symptoms are severe or if you are at risk for complications. While there, you may get additional treatments. For example, if your blood oxygen level is low, you may receive oxygen therapy.

It may take time to recover from pneumonia. Some people feel better within a week. For other people, it can take a month or more.

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Can Pneumonia Be Prevented

Check with your healthcare provider about getting immunizations. The flu is a common cause of pneumonia. Because of that, getting a flu shot every year can help prevent both the flu and pneumonia.

There is also a pneumococcal vaccine. It will protect you from a common form of bacterial pneumonia. Children younger than age 5 and adults ages 65 and older should get this shot.

The pneumococcal shot is also recommended for all children and adults who are at increased risk of pneumococcal disease due to other health conditions.

Cover Your Mouth And Nose

China admits Wuhan pneumonia virus contagious among people

While the preferred method for covering your mouth when you cough or sneeze is into a tissue, not everyone can get to tissues in time when the urge to cough or sneeze hits. If you have the urge to cough or sneezeand a tissue isnt availablethe next best thing is to cover your mouth or nose with the inside of your elbow.

Coughing or sneezing into your elbow will decrease the chances of your leaving traces of your infection on door handles, faucets, or anything else you touch.

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Key Points About Pneumonia

  • Pneumonia is an infection of one or both of the lungs caused by bacteria, viruses, or fungi.

  • There are more than 30 different causes of pneumonia, and theyre grouped by the cause. The main types of pneumonia are bacterial, viral, and mycoplasma pneumonia.

  • A cough that produces green, yellow, or bloody mucus is the most common symptom of pneumonia. Other symptoms include fever, shaking chills, shortness of breath, low energy, and extreme tiredness.

  • Pneumonia can often be diagnosed with a thorough history and physical exam. Tests used to look at the lungs, blood tests, and tests done on the sputum you cough up may also be used.

  • Treatment depends on the type of pneumonia you have. Antibiotics are used for bacterial pneumonia. It may also speed recovery from mycoplasma pneumonia and some special cases. Most viral pneumonias dont have a specific treatment and just get better on their own. Other treatment may include a healthy diet, more fluids, rest, oxygen therapy, and medicine for pain, cough, and fever control.

  • Most people with pneumonia respond well to treatment, but pneumonia can cause serious lung and infection problems. It can even be deadly.

Get The Necessary Vaccines

In addition, there are several vaccines that can help protect against some viruses and bacteria that cause pneumonia, Cutler says.

These include the following:

  • Pneumococcal pneumonia vaccine. The Centers for Disease Control and Prevention recommends this vaccine for babies and children younger than two years old and adults age 65 and older.
  • Influenza vaccine. The CDC recommends everyone six months and older get a flu vaccine every year to protect against the infectious diseases and related health complications, like pneumonia.
  • Hib vaccine. The CDC recommends this vaccine for all children younger than five years old. It protects against the Haemophilus influenzae type b bacteria that can cause pneumonia and meningitis.

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Who Is At Risk For Pneumonia

Anyone can get pneumonia, but certain factors increase your risk for developing the illness. These include:

  • Being younger than two years of age
  • Being 65 years and older
  • Smoking
  • Having lung disease, such as asthma, chronic obstructive pulmonary disorder or cystic fibrosis
  • Having other certain health conditions or a weakened immune system due to diabetes, kidney disease, cancer treatment, human immunodeficiency virus or acquired immunodeficiency syndrome , an organ transplant or other factors

Home Treatments For Pneumonia In Dogs

Is Pneumonia Contagious? How To Prevent The Spread Of ...

Your veterinarian can recommend the best way to care for your sick dog at home. They may suggest:

  • Restricting their activity and making sure they get lots of rest.
  • Offering them plenty of fresh water to help keep them from getting dehydrated.
  • Sitting with your dog in the bathroom with a hot shower running for around fifteen minutes a few times a day. The steam and humidity can help thin out mucus so it can be coughed up more easily.

While your dog needs rest, they may also benefit from short bouts of exercise that can loosen mucus secretions and help your dog cough out debris. However, follow your dog’s lead and don’t force them to exercise if they’re not up for it.

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How Long Youll Take Them

A course of antibiotics for uncomplicated pneumonia treatment is usually for five to seven days. One course will usually be enough to cure your pneumonia. In some cases, you may need more than one course of antibiotics if your infection doesnt start improving or it seems like its not responding to the medications.

Stay in touch with your doctor to ensure your infection is clearing up. Youll likely start to feel better and have some symptom relief one to three days after you start your pneumonia treatment, but it may take a week or more for your symptoms to go away completely.

Taking your medication as prescribed, especially for antibiotics, is incredibly important. Even if youre feeling better, you need to take the entire course.

Do not stop taking antibiotics early, even if your symptoms improve, as the infection would not be fully treated and could become antibiotic-resistant. This will make treatment more complicated. If youre experiencing side effects, talk to your doctor. Only stop your medication if your doctor tells you its OK to do so.

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