Friday, September 29, 2023

Is Laying Down Bad For Pneumonia

How Does Proning Help You Breathe

Chronic Cough Explained Clearly by | 1 of 2

Most of your lung tissue sits closer to your back than to your front. Lying on your back can put pressure on your lung tissue. This can make the small air sacs in your lungs need to work harder to inflate. If you have to breathe harder to get enough air in your lungs, this can make lung problems worse. It can also cause lung injury.

But lying on your stomach can help your lungs work better with less stress. It can help prevent problems such as collapsed lung. This is when the air sacs in the lung cant inflate, or they may fill with fluid. It can happen to part or all of one or both lungs. Lying on your side can also help your lungs work better. Part of your time in bed will be spent on your side as well.

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What Are The Signs And Symptoms Of Pneumonia In Children

The signs and symptoms of pneumonia in children vary from child to child and also depend on your childs age, cause of the infection, and severity of their illness.

Usual symptoms include:

  • Cry more than usual. Are restless or more fussy.

Adolescents have the same symptoms as adults, including:

  • Cough.
  • Difficulty breathing/shortness of breath.
  • Chest pain.

Newborns are at greater risk of pneumonia caused by bacteria present in the birth canal. In young children, viruses are the main cause of pneumonia.

Pneumonia caused by bacteria tends to happen suddenly, starting with fever and fast breathing. Symptoms appear more slowly and tend to be less severe when pneumonia is caused by viruses.

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How Can I Help Myself Feel Better

If your doctor has prescribed medicine, follow the directions carefully.

You may feel better in a room with a humidifier, which increases the moisture in the air and soothes irritated lungs. Make sure you drink plenty of fluids, especially if you have a fever. If you have a fever and feel uncomfortable, ask the doctor whether you can take over-the-counter medicine such as acetaminophen or ibuprofen to bring it down. But don’t take any medicine without checking first with your doctor a cough suppressant, for example, may not allow your lungs to clear themselves of mucus.

And finally, be sure to rest. This is a good time to sleep, watch TV, read, and lay low. If you treat your body right, it will repair itself and you’ll be back to normal in no time.

When Does A Cough Turn Into Pneumonia

The Everyday Things I

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So youve been coughing for a while, and instead of getting better, it seems like your cough is getting worse. Maybe youve even started coughing up phlegm or have pain in your chest when you cough. Those are signs your cough might actually be pneumonia.

Pneumonia is an infection in your lungs that can range from mild to life-threatening, which causes your lungs to fill up with fluid or pus. You may experience difficulty breathing or have a fever. If youre a healthy young adult, pneumonia might not be as serious as it is for very young kids or adults over age 65.

Whether youve had your cough for three days or three weeks, knowing the symptoms of pneumonia and when to go to the doctor can help put your mind at ease.

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And Then Theres The Neck

Unless youve somehow figured out how to breathe through your pillow, you need to turn your head to the side when you sleep on your stomach. That puts your head and spine out of alignment, twisting your neck. You might not notice the damage this causes after one episode of stomach sleeping, but over time neck problems can develop.

The neck problem you really dont want is a herniated disk. Thats when theres a rupture of the gelatinous disk between your vertebrae. When this gel bulges out from the disk, it can irritate the nerves.

Treat Calf Pneumonia Early

Pneumonia can affect calves of any age. Most of the pathogens that cause lung infections are always present in the calfs respiratory tract and become a problem only when his immune defenses are compromised by stress. Stress may be due to bad weather, extreme changes in temperature, a long truck haul, overcrowding in a dirty environment, or nutritional stress due to deficiencies of an important mineral like copper or selenium. A newborn calf in a drafty or humid barn may get pneumonia.

A primary viral pneumonia may be mild, but secondary bacterial invaders may move in after tissues are damaged by a virus. For instance, a viral infection often destroys the tiny cilia on the lining of the windpipe and bronchi, so foreign material can no longer be moved up out of the airways.

Bacterial pneumonia is generally more apt to kill the calf than is viral infection. Viral pneumonia may be insignificant and run its course without treatment unless a secondary bacterial infection turns it into an outbreak of pneumonia that may go through a group of calves.

Young calves are most susceptible to pneumonia after their temporary immunity begins to wane. Calves that do not get colostrum or not enough have less defense against pathogens. Calves stressed by a hard birth or calves that become chilled immediately after birth may not get up and nurse soon enough, or cant absorb enough maternal antibodies due to stress .

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Are Vaccines Available To Prevent Pneumonia

Yes, there are two types of vaccines specifically approved to prevent pneumonia caused by pneumococcal bacteria. Similar to a flu shot, these vaccines wont protect against all types of pneumonia, but if you do come down with pneumonia, its less likely to be as severe or potentially life-threatening especially for people who are at increased risk for pneumonia.

  • Bacterial pneumonia: Two pneumonia vaccines, Pneumovax23® and Prevnar13®, protect against the most common causes of bacterial pneumonia.
  • Pneumovax23® protects against 23 different types of pneumococcal bacteria. It is recommended for all adults 65 years of age and older and children over 2 years of age who are at increased risk for pneumonia.
  • Prevnar13® protects against 13 types of pneumonia bacteria. It is recommended for all adults 65 years of age and older and children under 2 years of age. Ask your healthcare provider about these vaccines.
  • Viral pneumonia: Get a flu vaccine once every year. Flu vaccines are prepared to protect against that years virus strain. Having the flu can make it easier to get bacterial pneumonia.
  • If you have children, ask their doctor about other vaccines they should get. Several childhood vaccines help prevent infections caused by the bacteria and viruses that can lead to pneumonia.

    Can Pneumonia Be Prevented Or Avoided

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    There are many factors that can raise your risk for developing pneumonia. These include:

    People who have any of the following conditions are also at increased risk:

    • chronic obstructive pulmonary disease
    • asthma
    • sickle cell disease

    You can help prevent pneumonia by doing the following:

    • Get the flu vaccine each year. People can develop bacterial pneumonia after a case of the flu. You can reduce this risk by getting the yearly flu shot.
    • Get the pneumococcal vaccine. This helps prevent pneumonia caused by pneumococcal bacteria.
    • Practice good hygiene. Wash your hands frequently with soap and water or an alcohol-based hand sanitizer.
    • Dont smoke. Smoking damages your lungs and makes it harder for your body to defend itself from germs and disease. If you smoke, talk to your family doctor about quitting as soon as possible.
    • Practice a healthy lifestyle. Eat a balanced diet full of fruits and vegetables. Exercise regularly. Get plenty of sleep. These things help your immune system stay strong.
    • Avoid sick people. Being around people who are sick increases your risk of catching what they have.

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    Stay Hydrated Especially If Youre Sick But Even If You Arent

    When Schore was sick and feverish, she was also sweating. I woke up 13 hours later and my sheets were drenched, she recalled. The next day, she could barely pee, which was surprising, because shes pre-diabetic and pees often. That raised alarm bells for her.

    Maintaining fluid balance is always important, Moorhead said. Staying hydrated doesnt just help you when youre sick its a good idea all the time. If youre dehydrated and you get sick, youre already behind fighting the virus.

    Dehydration doesnt just come from a lack of water. It also comes from a lack of electrolyte minerals like sodium and potassium. If youre sick, its a good idea to drink things that are formulated to help rehydrate you, like Pedialyte or Gatorade.

    Symptoms of dehydration include headache, dizziness and dark-colored urine. If youre sick and you stop peeing, contact a health care provider. You may need help rehydrating.

    Can I Prevent Pneumonia

    The routine vaccinations that most people receive as kids help prevent certain types of pneumonia and other infections. If you have a chronic illness, such as sickle cell disease, you may have received extra vaccinations and disease-preventing antibiotics to help prevent pneumonia and other infections caused by bacteria.

    People should get a pneumococcal vaccination if they have diseases that affect their immune system , are 65 years or older, or are in other high-risk groups. Depending on the bugs that are likely to affect them, these people also may get antibiotics to prevent pneumonia, as well as antiviral medicine to prevent or lessen the effects of viral pneumonia.

    Doctors recommend that everyone 6 months and older get an annual flu shot. That’s because someone with the flu could then come down with pneumonia. Call your doctor’s office or check your local health department to see when these vaccines are available.

    Because pneumonia is often caused by germs, a good way to prevent it is to keep your distance from anyone you know who has pneumonia or other respiratory infections. Use separate drinking glasses and eating utensils wash your hands often with warm, soapy water and avoid touching used tissues and paper towels.

    You also can stay strong and help avoid some of the illnesses that might lead to pneumonia by eating as healthily as possible, getting a minimum of 8 to 10 hours of sleep a night, and not smoking.

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    Warning About Cough Medicine

    If you’ve seen your healthcare provider, they’ve likely recommended a cough medicine to be used while you’re sleeping. Even though cough medicine can help minimize the coughing, it’s not wise to rely on it full-time.

    Some home remedies for alleviating cough include:

    • Gargling saltwater: Many times the mucus sitting in the throat will tickle the throat and cause you to cough more. By gargling warm salt water, this mucus breaks up, slightly helps with dehydration, and may get rid of some germs along the way.
    • Using honey: Sweetening your tea with some honey may not be a bad ideait may even help your recovery. In fact, adding honey to the peppermint tea recommended above could provide a double whammy. It is believed peppermint can provide pain relief in your throat by numbing nerve endings. At the same time, early research is showing honey has the potential to be a natural antimicrobial treatment. While more research is done on both peppermint and honey, the early results sound promising for those suffering from a cough.

    How Common Is Pneumonia

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    Approximately 1 million adults in the United States are hospitalized each year for pneumonia and 50,000 die from the disease. It is the second most common reason for being admitted to the hospital — childbirth is number one. Pneumonia is the most common reason children are admitted to the hospital in the United States. Seniors who are hospitalized for pneumonia face a higher risk of death compared to any of the top 10 other reasons for hospitalization.

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    Special Cautions For Moms

    When youre sleeping for two, you need as much quality rest as you can get. The very notion of sleeping on your stomach is laughable late into your pregnancy, but youll want to avoid it early on, too. That extra weight around the middle will increase the pull on your spine.

    Also, your baby will have more room if he or she isnt forced to squeeze in between your spine and the mattress. A

    How Long Does It Last

    It takes a certain amount of time to start to feel sick after getting exposed to a germ. This length of time is called the incubation period, and it depends on many things, especially which bug is causing the illness.

    With influenza pneumonia, for example, someone may become sick as soon as 12 hours or as long as 3 days after exposure to the flu virus. But with walking pneumonia, a person may not feel it until 2 to 3 weeks after becoming infected.

    Most types of pneumonia clear up within a week or two, although a cough can linger for several weeks more. In severe cases, it may take longer to completely recover.

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    How Do People Confuse Bronchitis And Pneumonia

    The same infections that cause bronchitis may also cause pneumonia. Moreover, chronic bronchitis is a risk factor for developing pneumonia and other serious infections.

    A person with a previous diagnosis of one type of infection may still develop another infection. It is crucial to watch out for changing or worsening symptoms.

    The symptoms of the two diseases are virtually indistinguishable to most people. Only a doctor can conclusively diagnose the cause of breathing difficulties.

    Both bronchitis and pneumonia can be severe and life threatening. It is important not to self-diagnose either condition and take all breathing symptoms seriously.

    People should see a doctor if:

    • they have difficulty breathing
    • it feels impossible to stop coughing
    • they have a very high fever
    • symptoms of pneumonia or bronchitis do not get better with treatment, or symptoms get better and then return
    • they have another chronic illness and breathing difficulties
    • a baby or young child gasps for air, has irregular breathing, or cannot catch their breath

    Breathing issues can quickly worsen. If a doctor is unable to see a person with suspected bronchitis or pneumonia within a day, a person must go to the emergency room or seek urgent care.

    How Is Pneumonia Spread From Person To Person

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    Pneumonia is spread when droplets of fluid containing the pneumonia bacteria or virus are launched in the air when someone coughs or sneezes and then inhaled by others. You can also get pneumonia from touching an object previously touched by the person with pneumonia or touching a tissue used by the infected person and then touching your mouth or nose.

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    Get Friends To Check In Especially If You Live Alone

    In Wuhan, China, patients who tested positive for the coronavirus were sequestered in fever clinics. There were serious problems with those clinics, but there was one thing they did well: If a mild patient started to crash, there were people around who could recognize the symptoms quickly and get them to more extensive care. With potential COVID-19 cases isolating at home, health care workers are concerned they wont call quickly enough for help.

    Lynn Schores story illustrates how hard it can be to seek help. Between the fever and the lack of oxygen, Schore had trouble staying awake or even moving, and calling the doctor seemed an insurmountable task. If family members had been there, they would have carried her out the door.

    Doctors talk about the CT images of a patient’s lungs in a fever clinic in Yinan county in east China’s Shandong province Wednesday, Feb. 12, 2020. The disease caused by the new coronavirus has been officially named by the World Health Organisation as Covid-19 on Feb. 11, 2020.

    Wang Yanbing / FeatureChina via AP

    Adalja and Moorhead both say some sort of formalized system to call and check in on potential coronavirus cases and make sure they havent crashed would fill a big need.

    I do think that when were taking care of people at home and having people self-monitor at home, we should use parts of the health care system to do home visits and home care, Adalja said.

    Complications And Contraindications Associated With Prone Positioning

    While patient-specific factors may help select individuals most likely to benefit from prone positioning during mechanical ventilation , several potential complications and contraindications exist. Prone positioning may worsen effective chest wall compliance, potentially decreasing delivered tidal volumes or increasing ventilating pressures . Complications, such as airway obstruction and endotracheal tube dislodgement, hypotension and arrhythmias, loss of venous access, facial and airway edema, and a greater need for paralysis or sedation, have all been associated with prone positioning with varying frequency . It is unclear whether this increased rate of complications is due to prone positioning per se, or due to a lack of familiarity with the procedure among the surveyed providers. In the PROSEVA trial , there was no difference in the rate of most complications between the supine and prone groups, suggesting that it is a safe procedure in the hands of experienced clinicians. Despite prone positionings potential applicability in ARDS, care must be exercised with its use in patients with hemodynamic instability, facial or ocular injuries, and recent sternotomy or abdominal incisions. Finally, unstable vertebral fractures and significantly increased intracranial pressures are frequently regarded as absolute contraindications to this procedure.

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