Help Stop The Spread Of Pneumonia And Other Respiratory Infections
The viruses and bacteria that cause pneumonia can spread when an infected person coughs or sneezes into the air. If you are nearby, you can breathe in these droplets or they can land in your nose or mouth. You can also pick up germs that cause pneumonia by shaking hands or touching contaminated surfaces, then touching your eyes, nose or mouth.
To protect yourself, its best to keep your distance from anyone who has pneumonia or other respiratory infections. Following good hygiene practices can also help prevent infections and reduce the risk of spreading it to others. These include washing your hands with soap and water or using an alcohol-based hand sanitizer regularly, cleaning surfaces that are touched often , and covering your nose and mouth with a tissue when you cough or sneeze.
If you are sick and think you may have pneumonia, contact your health care provider right away.
At What Age Should I Get These Vaccines
- All children younger than the age of 2
- People age 2 and up with certain medical conditions such as heart or lung disease
- Adults age 65 and older after discussion with your health care professional
- People age 2 to 64 with certain medical conditions
- Adults age 19 to 64 who smoke cigarettes
- All adults age 65 and older
What Vaccines Can A Pharmacist Give
Along with the COVID-19 shot and the flu shot, most pharmacists can administer vaccines to protect against:
In addition to vaccinations, other kinds of injections may be available. Some pharmacies, for example, offer the birth control shot and vitamin B12 injections to patients over 18 with a prescription from a doctor.
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How To Learn More About Medicare Coverage For Pneumonia Vaccines And Other Preventative Services
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Medicare Coverage For The Pneumonia Shot
Part B of Original Medicare does cover the pneumonia vaccine, but there are certain limitations, according to Medicare.gov:
- Medicare Part B covers one shot. Anybody who is enrolled in Part B is entitled to a dose of pneumonia vaccine without having to pay for it if your health-care provider accepts Medicare assignment.
- Under certain circumstances, a doctor may prescribe a second shot of a different typeat least one year after the first dose. Part B may also cover this second dose.
- In either situation described above, you typically wont have out-of-pocket costs as a Part B beneficiary.
In some cases, a doctor may recommend more doses than the amount that Part B pays for. For example, a doctor may suggest a second dose of the PPSV23 vaccine. In this case, its possible that a Medicare Supplement or Medicare Advantage plan will provide coverage. Otherwise, you might have to pay for these additional services out of pocket. If the cost is a concern, its a good idea to contact Medicare or your Medicare plan to learn how these additional services will be covered or if they will be covered at all.
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What Is The Difference Between These Two Vaccines
There are two differences between the two vaccines: how many types of bacteria it protects against, and how the vaccine is made.
Prevnar 13 is the brand name for the PCV13 vaccine. The PCV13 is a conjugate vaccine. This means that it contains the sugar part of a bacteria and a protein. The 13 tells you that it protects against 13 types of pneumococcal bacteria. You might hear it referred to as the new pneumonia vaccine. Prevnar 13 replaced the Prevnar vaccine, which only protected against 7 types of pneumococcal bacteria.
Pneumovax 23 is the brand name for the PPSV23 vaccine. The PPSV23 is a polysaccharide vaccine. A polysaccharide is a sugar molecule that is often found on the surface of bacteria. This vaccine contains only the sugar part of the bacteria. The 23 tells you that it protects against 23 types of pneumococcal bacteria.
Both vaccines help protect against infection of the blood and lining of the brain. The PCV13 vaccine also helps protect against pneumonia.
Walgreens Flu Shot Program Begins Oct 13
DEERFIELD, Ill. — Walgreens will begin its annual nationwide in-store flu and pneumonia vaccination program on Oct. 13. No appointment is necessary for vaccinations. For details on when vaccines will be available at a specific store, call 1-800-FLU-9950 or look for information at www.walgreens.com .
Walgreens and the Centers for Disease Control and Prevention recommend those at high risk of complication from influenza get their flu shots as early as possible. High-risk people are those age 65 and older, those with respiratory diseases or chronic diseases including diabetes, HIV infection and severe anemia, and those receiving chemotherapy or radiation therapy.
Children, pregnant women, people allergic to eggs or chicken, people who’ve received another vaccination in the past two weeks and people with active illness should contact a physician to be vaccinated.
“The flu shot will last six months and take two weeks to become effective,” said Jim Ash, health services manager for Walgreens. “Because the flu virus usually is slightly different each year, flu shots are effective for only one season. If you received a flu vaccine last year, you will need another shot this year.”
The cost of a flu vaccination is $20 a pneumonia shot is $25. Both vaccines are available at no charge for Medicare Part B patients if they’re not members of an HMO and they present their Medicare card at the time of the shot. Unlike past years, no shortage of flu vaccine is expected this year.
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Who Should Not Get These Vaccines
Because of age or health conditions, some people should not get certain vaccines or should wait before getting them. Read the guidelines below specific to pneumococcal vaccines and ask your or your childs doctor for more information.
Children younger than 2 years old should not get PPSV23. In addition, tell the person who is giving you or your child a pneumococcal conjugate vaccine if:
You or your child have had a life-threatening allergic reaction or have a severe allergy.
- Anyone who has had a life-threatening allergic reaction to any of the following should not get PCV13:
- A shot of this vaccine
- An earlier pneumococcal conjugate vaccine called PCV7
- Any vaccine containing diphtheria toxoid
You or your child are not feeling well.
- People who have a mild illness, such as a cold, can probably get vaccinated. People who have a more serious illness should probably wait until they recover. Your or your childs doctor can advise you.
Path To Improved Health
Pneumococcal vaccines can protect you against getting pneumonia, which is contagious and spreads from close, person-to-person contact. Pneumonia is an infection of the lungs and can lead to many symptoms, including:
- chest pains
- bringing up mucus when you cough
For seniors, pneumonia can be very serious and life-threatening. This is especially true if you have a chronic condition, such as diabetes or COPD. Pneumonia can also develop after youve had a case of the flu or a respiratory virus such as COVID-19. It is extremely important to stay current on flu shots each year in addition to your pneumococcal vaccines.
While PPSV23 and PCV13 do not protect against all types of pneumonia, they can make it less likely that you will experience severe and possibly life-threatening complications from the illness.
The American Academy of Family Physicians recommends that seniors who have not had either pneumococcal vaccine should get a dose of PCV13 first, and then a dose of PPSV23 6-12 months later. The vaccines cannot be given at the same time. If you have recently had a dose of PPSV23, your doctor will wait at least one year to give you PCV13.
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What Are The Side Effects Of The Pcv13 And Ppsv23 Vaccines
With all vaccines and medications, there is always a chance for side effects. Most people experience only mild side effects after pneumococcal vaccination. They are generally mild and quickly go away on their own. Mild side effects such as pain or tenderness at the injection site and fever can happen after getting either vaccine. Because the PCV13 contains more than just the sugar part of a bacteria, more side effects can occur with the PCV13. These side effects include loss of appetite, feeling tired, headache, and chills. Talk to your health care provider before getting a pneumococcal vaccine if you have ever had a severe allergic reaction to any vaccine.
What Is The Pneumonia Vaccine
There are currently two types of pneumococcal vaccines that cover different strains of a common type of bacteria that can lead to pneumonia. This type of bacteria poses risks for young children but can also be risky for those who are older or have compromised immune systems.
The two vaccines are:
- pneumococcal conjugate vaccine
- pneumococcal polysaccharide vaccine
According to recent data, the CDC Advisory Committee on Immunization Practices recommend that people who are 65 and older should get the Pneumovax 23 shot.
However, both vaccines may be needed in certain circumstances when there is greater risk. These situations can include:
- if you live in a nursing home or long-term care facility
- if you live in an area with many unvaccinated children
- if you travel to areas with a large population of unvaccinated children
Here is a comparison between the two available vaccines:
|Protects against 13 strains of Streptococcus pneumoniae||Protects against 23 strains of Streptococcus pneumoniae|
|No longer routinely given to people 65 and older||One dose for anyone 65 years and older|
|Only given if you and your doctor decide it is needed to protect you from risk, then one dose for those 65 and older||If you were already given PCV13, you should get PCV23 at least 1 year later|
Pneumonia vaccines can prevent serious infections from the most common strains of pneumococcal bacteria.
Possible side effects
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Patients In Health Care Institutions
Residents of long-term care facilities should receive Pneu-P-23 vaccine. Refer to Recommendations for Use for information about pneumococcal vaccination of individuals at increased risk of IPD. Refer to Immunization of Patients in Health Care Institutions in Part 3 for additional information about vaccination of patients in health care institutions.
Vaccines For Children Program
The Vaccines for Children Program provides vaccines to children whose parents or guardians may not be able to afford them. A child is eligible if they are younger than 19 years old and meets one of the following requirements:
- American Indian or Alaska Native
If your child is VFC-eligible, ask if your doctor is a VFC provider. For help in finding a VFC provider near you, contact your state or local health departments VFC Program Coordinator or call CDC at 1-800-CDC-INFO .
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Medical Conditions Resulting In High Risk Of Ipd
Table 1: Medical Conditions Resulting in High risk of IPD
IPD is more common in the winter and spring in temperate climates.
Spectrum of clinical illness
Although asymptomatic upper respiratory tract colonization is common, infection with S. pneumoniae may result in severe disease. IPD is a severe form of infection that occurs when S. pneumoniae invades normally sterile sites, such as the bloodstream or central nervous system. Bacteremia and meningitis are the most common manifestations of IPD in children 2 years of age and younger. Bacteremic pneumococcal pneumonia is the most common presentation among adults and is a common complication following influenza. The case fatality rate of bacteremic pneumococcal pneumonia is 5% to 7% and is higher among elderly persons. Bacterial spread within the respiratory tract may result in AOM, sinusitis or recurrent bronchitis.
Worldwide, pneumococcal disease is a major cause of morbidity and mortality. The World Health Organization estimates that almost 500,000 deaths among children aged less than 5 years are attributable to pneumococcal disease each year. In Canada, IPD is most common among the very young and adults over 65 years of age.
How To Save On Pneumovax 23
The manufacturer of Pneumovax 23, Merck, does not offer Pneumovax 23 manufacturer coupons or a Pneumovax 23 savings card at this time. Merck does, however, offer a Pneumovax 23 patient assistance program, the Merck Vaccine Patient Assistance Program, which can provide Pneumovax 23 at little or no cost. Contact Merck for more information and eligibility.
Still, you can easily save money with SingleCare Pneumovax 23 coupons. Ask the clinic or hospital where you receive Pneumovax 23 injections if they will accept a SingleCare discount card you could pay only $138.31 for your injection.
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Summary Of Information Contained In This Naci Statement
The following highlights key information for immunization providers. Please refer to the remainder of the Statement for details.
Streptococcus pneumoniae is a bacterium that can cause many types of diseases including invasive pneumococcal disease , and community-acquired pneumonia .
For the prevention of diseases caused by S. pneumoniae in adults, two types of vaccines are available in Canada: pneumococcal 23-valent polysaccharide vaccine containing 23 pneumococcal serotypes and pneumococcal 13-valent conjugate vaccine containing 13 pneumococcal serotypes.
NACI has been tasked with providing a recommendation from a public health perspective on the use of pneumococcal vaccines in adults who are 65 years of age and older, following the implementation of routine childhood pneumococcal vaccine programs in Canada.
Information in this statement is intended for provinces and territories making decisions for publicly funded, routine, immunization programs for adults who are 65 years of age and older without risk factors increasing their risk of IPD. These recommendations supplement the recent NACI recommendations on this topic that were issued for individual-level decision making in 2016.
How Are Cvs Pharmacy And Minuteclinic Different
At the pharmacy, vaccinations for adolescents through seniors are administered by a certified immunizationâtrained pharmacist. Age and state restrictions apply. No appointment necessary.
At MinuteClinic, vaccinations for children all the way through seniors are administered by a nurse practicioner or a physician associate.* No appointment necessary.
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What Are The Side Effects Of Pneumovax 23
Although not a complete list, common side effects of Pneumovax 23 include, but are not limited to, fever, chills, headache, nausea, vomiting, weakness, fatigue, muscle pain, and joint pain. Site reactions to the injection are common and include redness, pain, swelling, and/or a hard lump at the needle site. Injection site reactions will usually go away after one or two days. Allergic reactions are very rare. If you experience symptoms of an allergic reaction, such as hives, difficulty breathing, or swelling of the face, lips, tongue, or throat, seek emergency medical treatment. Consult your doctor for additional information and medical advice regarding drug interactions.
What Happens If I Get The Pneumonia Vaccine Twice
Generally, getting extra doses of a vaccine does not increase your risk of serious side effects. However, with the pneumonia vaccine, you are more likely to get pain or tenderness at the injection site if the doses are given too closely together. In this case, it is the spacing of the vaccines rather than the number of doses that increases your risk. This is why it is important to follow the guidelines for getting your pneumonia vaccine. Always talk to your health care provider before getting any vaccine.
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Adults At High Risk Of Ipd
Adults with immunocompromising conditions resulting in high risk of IPD, except HSCT, should receive 1 dose of Pneu-C-13 vaccine followed at least 8 weeks later by 1 dose of Pneu-P-23 vaccine, if not previously received. The dose of Pneu-C-13 vaccine should be administered at least 1 year after any previous dose of Pneu-P-23 vaccine. Refer to Immunocompromised persons for information about immunization of HSCT recipients.
Immunocompetent adults with conditions or lifestyle factors resulting in high risk of IPD should receive 1 dose of Pneu-P-23 vaccine, if not previously received. One dose of Pneu-P-23 vaccine is also recommended for all adults who are residents of long-term care facilities and should be considered for individuals who use illicit drugs.
Some experts also suggest a dose of Pneu-C-13 vaccine, followed by Pneu-P-23 vaccine, for immunocompetent adults with conditions resulting in high risk of IPD as this may theoretically improve antibody response and immunologic memory. However, Pneu-P-23 vaccine is the vaccine of choice for these individuals, and if only one vaccine can be provided, it should be Pneu-P-23 vaccine, because of the greater number of serotypes included in the vaccine.
Adults at highest risk of IPD should also receive 1 booster dose of Pneu-P-23 vaccine refer to Booster doses and re-immunization.
Table 4 – provides recommended schedules for adult immunization with pneumococcal vaccines.
Medicare Coverage For The Pneumonia Vaccine
Most preventive vaccines are covered under Part D, the prescription drug part of Medicare. Medicare Part B covers a few specific vaccines, like the two pneumonia vaccines. Medicare Advantage plans, sometimes called Part C, also cover the pneumonia vaccines, along with other vaccines you may need.
If you are enrolled in original Medicare , or a Part C plan, you are automatically eligible for the pneumonia vaccines. Since there are two types of vaccines for pneumonia, you and your doctor will decide if you need one or both vaccines. Well get into the details of the two different types a little later.
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