What Are The Signs And Symptoms Of Pneumonia In Children
The signs and symptoms of pneumonia in children vary from child to child and also depend on your childs age, cause of the infection, and severity of their illness.
Usual symptoms include:
- Cry more than usual. Are restless or more fussy.
Adolescents have the same symptoms as adults, including:
- Difficulty breathing/shortness of breath.
- Chest pain.
Newborns are at greater risk of pneumonia caused by bacteria present in the birth canal. In young children, viruses are the main cause of pneumonia.
Pneumonia caused by bacteria tends to happen suddenly, starting with fever and fast breathing. Symptoms appear more slowly and tend to be less severe when pneumonia is caused by viruses.
Can I Look After My Child At Home
Many children with pneumonia can be looked after at home.
- Make sure they get a lot of rest.
- Your child may not want to eat but it is important to make sure they stay hydrated. Give them small amounts to drink regularly.
- If your child is still in nappies you will be able to tell if they are getting enough to drink because they will still get wet nappies.
- If your child has chest or tummy ache you can give them pain relief like paracetamol or ibuprofen made for infants or children.
- Cough medicines dont help with pneumonia.
- Dont smoke around your child or let them breathe in other peoples smoke.
- A high temperature can be scary, but it is a natural response to infection. Dont try and reduce your childs fever by sponging them with water.
Your doctor should give you more information about the best way to look after your child at home. If your childs symptoms get worse, go back to your doctor.
Based On How It Was Acquired
- Aspiration Pneumonia: If you happen to develop pneumonia by inhaling bacteria from foods, drinks or saliva, it is called aspiration pneumonia. This type usually occurs when the infected individual has difficulty in swallowing.
- Ventilator-Associated Pneumonia: Individuals using a ventilator can also develop pneumonia.
Now that you are familiar with the types of pneumonia, understanding its causes is a lot easier.
Recommended Reading: Should You Get A Pneumonia Shot Every Year
How Is Walking Pneumonia Diagnosed
Your doctor will ask you about your symptoms, how long youve had them and if any other family members or people you regularly interact with are also ill with similar symptoms. He or she will listen to your lungs with a stethoscope to check for abnormal breath sounds. Your doctor may order chest X-rays to see if there is an infection in your lungs. Your blood or mucus might be tested to determine if your pneumonia is caused by Mycoplasma pneumoniae, another bacteria, virus or fungus.
Are Vaccines Available To Prevent Pneumonia
Yes, there are two types of vaccines specifically approved to prevent pneumonia caused by pneumococcal bacteria. Similar to a flu shot, these vaccines wont protect against all types of pneumonia, but if you do come down with pneumonia, its less likely to be as severe or potentially life-threatening especially for people who are at increased risk for pneumonia.
- Bacterial pneumonia: Two pneumonia vaccines, Pneumovax23® and Prevnar13®, protect against the most common causes of bacterial pneumonia.
- Pneumovax23® protects against 23 different types of pneumococcal bacteria. It is recommended for all adults 65 years of age and older and children over 2 years of age who are at increased risk for pneumonia.
- Prevnar13® protects against 13 types of pneumonia bacteria. It is recommended for all adults 65 years of age and older and children under 2 years of age. Ask your healthcare provider about these vaccines.
If you have children, ask their doctor about other vaccines they should get. Several childhood vaccines help prevent infections caused by the bacteria and viruses that can lead to pneumonia.
Also Check: Pneumococcal Pneumonia Vaccine How Often
Aerosolized Delivery Of Synthetic Antibiotics
In the first subsection we will discuss the use of aminoglycosides in the treatment and prevention of serious lung infection among high-risk patients, followed by a brief introduction to the limited clinical experience with other antimicrobial drugs that have been used for salvage therapy of difficult-to-treat pneumonia. Given that extensive reviews have been performed on inhaled pentamidine in HIV-associated Pneumocystis jiroveci infection, this topic will not be covered herein.
Risk Factors For Pneumonia
Certain groups of people are more susceptible to developing pneumonia and are at higher risk of suffering from its complications. They include
- Newborn infants and children whose age is 2 years or less.
- Individuals above 65 years of age.
- Those under medications or already suffering from any disease are at a higher risk due to their weakened immunity.
- Smokers and people who misuse drugs also have a higher probability of developing pneumonia.
If your symptoms are severe or you have been suffering from pneumonia for a long period without treatment, get medical help immediately. The emphasis on treating pneumonia at the earliest should not be taken lightly. This is because, if left untreated, it can become life-threatening. Hence, use these home remedies to treat pneumonia as soon as you observe the onset of its symptoms and do let us know if you found them useful.
Don’t Miss: Symptoms Of Pneumonia In Adults With Asthma
Ease Of Use: Ventilator Setting Adjustments
A key practical consideration for an ideal nebulizer is its ease of use in the hospital setting. For intubated and mechanically ventilated patients, the nebulizer should integrate directly into the ventilator circuit, with only minimal need to adjust ventilator settings or remove humidification . However, current-generation nebulizers, regardless of the drug formulation used, require careful attention to be paid to ventilator settings to ensure optimal performance and may also necessitate increased sedation of the patient as these settings are altered. Such adjustments can be complex due to the wide variety of modes and settings available, and guidelines advise avoiding heavy sedation if possible . These complexities currently make the use of nebulization technically demanding in order to optimize this route of administration, standardized aerosolization procedures are required . The increased sedation of patients to enable better synchronization to ventilator settings may also be associated with longer durations of mechanical ventilation one study reported no statistically significant difference in the duration of mechanical ventilation between patients treated with aerosolized antimicrobials compared with those treated with intravenous antimicrobials . If a nebulizer device could be added to the circuit without the need for ventilator setting adjustment, this could minimize delays in treatment and reduce undesirable increases in sedation.
Drink Hot Peppermint Tea
Peppermint can also helpalleviate irritation and expel mucus. Research suggests that it can be an effective decongestant, anti-inflammatory, and painkiller.
If you dont already have peppermint tea, you can pick up loose or bagged teas at your local grocery or online. And if you have fresh peppermint, you can easily make your own tea.
You may wish to deeply inhale the aroma of the peppermint tea while the tea is steeping. This might help clear your nasal pathways.
Recommended Reading: What Does Pneumonia Look Like
Treating Pneumonia: Medicine Rest Inhalers And More
Pneumonia treatments may vary depending on the type of pneumonia you have, your symptoms’ severity, age, and other health complications.
Some people can recover from pneumonia with adequate rest at home, whereas more serious pneumonia cases may require hospitalization and even IV antibiotics. The most important thing to bear in mind is that you should always follow the specific instructions given by your physician.
Medicines to Treat Pneumonia
If a bacterial infection caused your pneumonia, your doctor would prescribe an antibiotic. As is always the case with antibiotics, you must take all of the medication prescribed by your doctor. Sometimes people with pneumonia begin to feel better and think they no longer need the antibiotic. However, if you fail to complete the course of antibiotics as prescribed, your chances increase that the infection will return.
Viral pneumonia cannot be treated with an antibiotic. However, your physician may be able to prescribe an antiviral medicine that will help to ease your symptoms. Additionally, most physicians will recommend an over-the-counter medication like acetaminophen for a fever. Be sure you ask your doctor before taking any OTC medications along with your prescriptions.
Rest to Treat Pneumonia
While it is tempting for many active people to try and motor through pneumonia, you could end up running yourself so ragged you end up getting even worse.
Inhalers to Treat Pneumonia
How Are Pneumonia Complications Treated
Complications may be more common in pneumonia that starts after stomach contents are inhaled into the lungs, a type of condition called aspiration pneumonia.
Another dangerous variation is necrotizing pneumonia, a bacterial pneumonia that can result from a large number of pathogens, including staphylococcus.
Complicated pneumonias such as these may result in respiratory failure, which requires assisted breathing with a machine called a ventilator.
In rare but severe cases, a pocket of pus called a lung abscess can form inside or around the lung due to causes that include aspiration and bacterial or fungal infections.
If you have complicated pneumonia, you may need to undergo a procedure to drain the lung or remove diseased lung tissue. Your doctor may refer to this procedure as “lung scraping.”
Also Check: What R The Symptoms Of Pneumonia
Peppermint Eucalyptus And Fenugreek Tea
Many warm herbal teas can help soothe a scratchy throat, but herbs may be more beneficial.
A 2011 study found that herbs, including peppermint and eucalyptus, had a soothing effect on the throats of people with upper respiratory tract infections. These herbs may help break up mucus and ease the pain and inflammation caused by pneumonia.
A review from 2018 notes that fenugreek seeds might help break down mucus. A tea made from ground fenugreek seeds may therefore ease a persistent cough.
Eucalyptus and tea tree oils may also help relieve coughs. People can use these in a diffuser. However, they should try limiting their exposure at first, to ensure that the use of oils does not worsen their symptoms.
Nebulized Antibiotics Can Achieve High Drug Concentrations In The Lung
Perhaps the key advantage of administering antibiotics by inhalation rather than via IV infusion is the potential to deliver high concentrations of antibiotic directly to the site of lung infection . Animal studies in ventilated piglets have demonstrated that nebulized antibiotics achieved high deposition in infected lung parenchyma with concentrations far above the MICs for most Gram-negative strains , and indeed, the efficiency of bacterial killing in piglets inoculated with E. coli was greater after nebulization compared with intravenous administration . Furthermore, clinical studies have shown that inhaled tobramycin, for example, can achieve high bronchial concentrations, and inhaled amikacin can reach epithelial lining fluid concentrations far in excess of the MICs for Gram-negative strains usually responsible for pneumonia . These concentrations may also exceed the MICs for MDR pathogens.
Don’t Miss: Do You Need Pneumonia Shot Every Year
Is Pneumonia Contagious
Certain types of pneumonia are contagious . Pneumonia caused by bacteria or viruses can be contagious when the disease-carrying organisms are breathed into your lungs. However, not everyone who is exposed to the germs that cause pneumonia will develop it.
Pneumonia caused by fungi are not contagious. The fungi are in soil, which becomes airborne and inhaled, but it is not spread from person to person.
Ginger Or Turmeric Tea
A persistent cough can result in chest pain. Drinking warm tea made with fresh ginger or turmeric root may help reduce this pain.
The roots of both of these plants can have a natural anti-inflammatory effect in the body.
Chop up a thumb sized piece of either root and boil it in a pint or so of water. If a person prefers strong tea, they can boil it for longer or add more of the root. If the flavor is too sharp, they can try adding a spoonful of honey.
Read Also: How Do You Contract Bacterial Pneumonia
What Are The Pneumonia Symptoms
The most common are bacterial and viral pneumonia. The symptoms are the same and include:
chest pain while breathing or coughing increased coughing that may be productive fatigue and confusion may also be accompanying symptoms especially in elders high fever, sweating and shivering shortness of breath faster heart rate headache
Walking pneumonia is another type of pneumonia. The main difference is that the symptoms are much milder. While pneumonia causes high fever and productive cough, walking pneumonia may involve a very low fever and dry cough. Walking pneumonia is always cased by a bacterial infection. Usually, the bacteria is latent in body and the immunity system got used with it and does not strongly fight against it.
Signs Symptoms And Treatment Of Pneumonia
The weather is cold and the runny noses and coughing have started. When I worked in primary care pediatrics, I cared for many children who had a runny noses, coughing, congestion and fever. Most of the time, children that had viral illnesses in the upper respiratory tract and they got better quickly with supportive care. What about an infection in the lower respiratory tract? This is called pneumonia, which is when fluid and pus fill the lungs. The condition can be more serious than a regular cold.
You May Like: What Is The Name Of The Pneumonia Vaccine
Who Is Most At Risk For Getting Valley Fever
Anyone who breathes in the fungus can become infected, but Valley fever is most common in adults over age 60. People who have recently traveled or moved to an area where the fungus lives may be more likely to get the infection. Valley fever is also more likely to occur in certain high-risk individuals, including people who:
- Have weakened immune systems, which can be caused by certain medications or diseases like HIV/AIDS
- Belong to certain ethnic groups, including African-Americans and Filipinos
- Work at jobs that expose them to soil dust
What Causes Valley Fever
There are two forms of Coccidioides immitis. One form grows beneath the hot desert sands and soils. Disturbing the sand causes the tiny branches of the fungus to break apart and release individual spores . These microscopic spores are then inhaled and settle into the branching system of the lungs. The spores then transform into thick walled spherules, within which, on maturity, thousands of endospores develop . It is the yeast forms in tissue that allow the diagnosis of Coccidioides immitis to be made.
Although the spores are very infectious, Valley fever is not contagious it cannot spread from person to person.
You May Like: If Someone Has Pneumonia Can You Catch It
How To Regain Strength After Pneumonia
If you have pneumonia, the first priority is clearing the infection causing it.
This means following your doctor’s treatment plan very closely. Yes, getting plenty of rest. And, yes, taking every single pill in the bottle of antibiotics your doctor prescribed you if your pneumonia is bacterial in nature.
But, even after your primary symptoms fade away, you may be left feeling lousy, with low energy and/or dealing with a cough that just won’t quit. In some cases, you may feel weak for months.
When Would I Need To Be Hospitalized For Pneumonia
If your case of pneumonia is more severe, you may need tostay in the hospital for treatment. Hospital treatments may include:
- Fluids, antibiotics and other medicines given through an IV
- Breathing treatments and exercises to help loosen mucus
People most likely to be hospitalized are those who are most frail and/or at increased risk, including:
- Babies and young children
- People with weakened immune systems
- People with health conditions that affect the heart and lungs
It may take six to eight weeks to return to a normal level of functioning and well-being if youve been hospitalized with pneumonia.
You May Like: What Are The Symptoms Of Walking Pneumonia In Adults
Drink A Cup Of Ginger Tea
Ginger has also demonstrated anti-inflammatory and pain-relieving properties in recent research . As with turmeric, current research on ginger hasnt looked at whether it helps specifically with chest pain, but its a harmless, hydrating way to try and soothe the uncomfortable effects of pneumonia.
You can find loose or bagged ginger teas at your local grocery or online. Or, you can use raw ginger to make your own ginger tea.
Your fever may develop suddenly or over the course of a few days. With treatment, it should subside within the week.
Inhalers: Types Uses Tips And More
An inhaler is a simple device that brings medicine directly to your lungs via your own breathing they are commonly used to treat a wide variety of respiratory conditions, from asthma to emphysema.
The main type of inhaler most people are familiar with, even if they have never used one, is a metered-dose inhaler.
A metered-dose inhaler releases aerosol spray into your mouth once you activate it, placing your thumb at the bottom of the device and then pressing down at the top with your forefinger. You will pump the inhaler one or two times, depending on what your doctor recommends and the aerosolized antibiotics you were prescribed.
A spacer can also be used with a metered-dose inhaler this attachment holds the medicine in place until you are ready to inhale it, meaning the delivery of the medicine to your lungs is more effective.
Another type of inhaler that can be used to relieve respiratory conditions is a dry powder inhaler. This device allows you to pull the medicine in powder form into your lungs when inhaled through the mouthpiece.
Don’t Miss: Do You Need A Prescription For A Pneumonia Shot