Is There An Official Medical Recommendation That All People With Diabetes Need A Flu Shot
Yes. The CDC recommends it, and they also recommend a pneumonia shot. Additionally, the two big national diabetes organizations the American Diabetes Association and the American Association of Clinical Endocrinologists recommend annual flu shots in their practice guidelines for treating all people with diabetes.
This is because we PWDs get sick more easily than non-diabetics, and when we do get sick, we get a lot sicker. A shot is recommended every year because, as mentioned, theres a different strain of flu circulating every year.
But its not just PWDs who should get vaccinated. The CDC strongly advises that everyone older than 6 months old get a flu shot. Flu is an equal opportunity killer. And even if youre the healthiest person in the world, and can easily survive the flu, you could still pass the flu on to someone not so strong. So dont be a Typhoid Mary. Everyone should get a flu vax. Its good citizenship.
Urinary Tract Infections Including Bladder Infections And Kidney Infections
Urinary tract infections are common complications of diabetes. Thats because high blood sugar can lead to sugar in your urine, and sugar is a breeding ground for bacteria. If your bladder doesnt empty completely when you urinate, bacteria can hang around in your urinary tract even longer.
The urinary tract includes the kidneys and the bladder. Most UTIs occur in the bladder, but more serious UTIs can turn into kidney infections. Symptoms of a bladder infection may include fever, frequent urination , burning during urination, or pain in the abdomen when urinating. Kidney infections can be much more dangerous and can cause more complications in people with diabetes. Symptoms of a kidney infection are often more painful and include abdominal pain, pain in the groin, fever, chills, nausea, and vomiting.
Fungal Skin Infections And Nail Infections
People with diabetes are also more likely to get fungal infections or yeast infections, many of which affect the skin and nails. Our skin is naturally covered with fungi that are there to protect us from bad germs. But having too much of that fungi can be a problem. Fungi, especially yeast, feed on sugar, so the more sugar your body has, the more likely it is that you will develop more fungi or yeast than you should.
Examples of common fungal skin and nail infections are athletes foot, ringworm, vaginal yeast infections, and fungal nail infections.
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Tips For Managing Medication That Affects Blood Glucose
Despite these risks, you may find yourself needing to take one of these drugs while managing diabetes. Fortunately, you can take a few steps to help keep your blood sugar controlled, including the following:
Pause before immediately taking a new medication. Patients should always consult the pharmacist or their doctor before they start any new over-the-counter medication, Vivian says.
Clear it with your main diabetes doctor. If a specialist, like an orthopedist or psychiatrist, prescribes a new medication, check in with your certified diabetes educator or primary care doctor to ensure that its okay to take and to coordinate any necessary adjustments to your diabetes medication, Hsieh says.
Take care of yourself. Prioritize diet and exercise if youre taking a medication that may affect your blood sugar control. Physical activity and healthy nutrition help to prevent as significant of a spike, so we may not have to make an aggressive change in the medication regimen, says Vivian.
How Intestinal Bacteria Can Affect Your Blood Sugar And Lipid Levels
- Kumamoto University
- Intestinal bacteria have attracted recent attention since they were discovered to influence various physiological functions and diseases in humans. Researchers analyzing the influence of changes in intestinal bacteria on sugar and lipid metabolism have found that secondary bile acids produced by intestinal bacteria can influence blood glucose and lipid concentrations as well as parts of their molecular mechanisms.
Intestinal bacteria have attracted recent attention since they were discovered to influence various physiological functions and diseases in humans. Researchers from Kumamoto University in Japan analyzing the influence of changes in intestinal bacteria on sugar and lipid metabolism have found that secondary bile acids produced by the bacteria can influence blood glucose and lipid concentrations as well as parts of their molecular mechanisms. This result is expected to lead to the treatment of metabolic diseases such as diabetes and dyslipidemia by targeting intestinal bacteria that produce secondary bile acid.
Previous research has shown that dysbiosis due to antibiotic administration influences protein expression levels in the liver, an organ responsible for sugar and lipid metabolism. Thus, researchers at Kumamoto University decided to clarify the influence of antibiotic-caused dysbiosis on sugar and lipid metabolism and the mechanism thereof.
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Prevention Is The First Stepget Your Flu Shot
Among the hundreds of thousands of people hospitalized during last years flu season, nearly one in three had diabetes and nearly one in two had heart disease. Studies show that flu shots reduce hospitalizations among people with diabetes by 79%.
Flu season typically begins in October each year and ends in early to mid-spring. Every person over six months of age, with few exceptions, should get a flu vaccine every year before the end of October.
Despite the relatively low cost of a flu vaccine and the higher risk of illness if you dont get one, 30% of people with health insurance are not vaccinated for the flu. Among the uninsured, the percentage of people who are not vaccinated increases to 60%, and one in three people with heart disease are not vaccinated.
The flu vaccine helps keep us from getting sick from the flu, reducing the risk of flu by between 40% and 60%. If you get a vaccine this year and still get the flu, it should be a milder case than you would have had without it.
Can I Take Ibuprofen Or Other Nsaids For Symptoms Of Covid
You may have seen news reports saying that NSAIDS and ibuprofen may make COVID-19 symptoms worse. At this time, this has not been proven, and there have been no national guidelines recommending that patients should not use these medications. However, people with diabetes may have other conditions for which NSAIDS may not be recommended, such as kidney disease or high blood pressure.
Acetaminophen is the usually the safest thing for people with diabetes to take for fever, headache or muscle aches. Please note that acetaminophen can potentially affect readings from continuous glucose monitors talk to your healthcare provider before taking this medication. They may recommend that you check your blood sugar with finger sticks while taking acetaminophen.
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Diabetes And Brain Health
If you have diabetes, your doctor may screen you for depression or cognitive impairment. Older adults with diabetes are at higher risk for these conditions, compared with others their age who do not have diabetes. Having depression or cognitive impairment can make diabetes self-care challenging.
Your diabetes management plan will cover how to:
- Track your glucose levels. Very high glucose levels or very low glucose levels can be risky to your health. Your plan will show how often you should check your glucose and how often to get the A1C test. If you are managing your diabetes without taking insulin, you may not need to check your glucose as often.
- Make healthy food choices. The food you eat affects glucose levels, so its important to learn whats best for you to eat, how much, and when. If you are overweight, work with your health care team to come up with a plan to lose weight.
- Be active. Walking and other forms of daily exercise can help improve glucose levels in older people with diabetes. Set a goal to be more active most days of the week, and create a plan for being physically active that fits into your life and that you can follow. Your health care team can help.
- Take your medicines. You should take medicine as prescribed even when you feel good. Tell your doctor if you have any side effects or cannot afford your medicines. Also, let your doctor know if you have trouble taking your medicine or keeping track of your medication schedule.
Influenza And Pneumonia Vaccination In Diabetic Patients
Somnath Pal, BS , MBA, PhDProfessor of Pharmacy AdministrationCollege of Pharmacy & Health Sciences, St. Johns UniversityJamaica, New York
US Pharm. 2018 43:45.
According to the 2015 National Diabetes Statistics Report, 30.2 million persons aged 18 years and older with diagnosed and undiagnosed type 1 and 2 diabetes were at higher risk for developing vaccine-preventable diseases such as influenza and pneumonia. Among diabetic adults, the prevalence of vaccination for influenza was higher than that for pneumonia . The CDC recommends annual vaccination for influenza, regardless of age, and at least a one-time dose of pneumococcal vaccine, which has prevented 3,000 deaths.
Influenza Hospitalization: Because diabetes onset increases with age, comorbid illnessessuch as influenzathat raise blood glucose to dangerously high levels are a major concern. People with diabetes are three times more likely to die from influenza complications and six times more likely to be hospitalized. In 2015, during the H1N1 pandemic, one in every four persons hospitalized for influenza had diabetes. Since 2010, there have been 140,000 to 710,000 influenza-related hospitalizations and 12,000 to 56,000 deaths that could have been prevented or reduced by vaccine types A and B, whose effectiveness ranged from 25% to 67%.
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Do Some Medications For Diabetes Or Hypertension Make Covid
You should continue to take all medications as prescribed, including ACE inhibitors or angiotensin receptor blockers. National guidelines and experts do NOT recommend making a change to your medications because of COVID-19. Contact your healthcare provider to discuss any questions about your medications.
For The Most Current Information
Our top priority is the health and safety of our patients, employees and visitors. HonorHealth is working closely with public health officials to stay up-to-date with the most current information and guidelines related to the Coronavirus. Visit our dedicated Coronavirus page for the latest information.
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What If It Is Not Clear What A Person’s Vaccination History Is
When indicated, vaccines should be administered to patients with unknown vaccination status. All residents of nursing homes and other long-term care facilities should have their vaccination status assessed and documented.
How long must a person wait to receive other vaccinations?
Inactivated influenza vaccine and tetanusvaccines may be given at the same time as or at any time before or after a dose of pneumococcus vaccine. There are no requirements to wait between the doses of these or any other inactivated vaccines.
Vaccination of children recommended
In July 2000, the American Academy of Pediatrics and the CDC jointly recommended childhood pneumococcal immunization, since pneumococcal infections are the most common invasive bacterial infections in children in the United States.
“The pneumococcal conjugate vaccine, PCV13 or Prevnar 13, is currently recommended for all children younger than 5 years of age, all adults 65 years or older, and persons 6 through 64 years of age with certain medical conditions,” according to the 2014 AAP/CDC guidelines. “Pneumovax is a 23-valent pneumococcal polysaccharide vaccine that is currently recommended for use in all adults 65 years of age or older and for persons who are 2 years and older and at high risk for pneumococcal disease . PPSV23 is also recommended for use in adults 19 through 64 years of age who smoke cigarettes or who have asthma.”
How Can I Protect Myself From Getting Covid
In addition to practicing the recommended CDC guidelines on infection prevention , follow your regular care plan to control your blood sugar, including:
- Taking your medications as directed by your healthcare provider.
- Ensuring that you have enough medications, lancets and test strips.
- Getting vaccinations. It is more important than ever to stay up to date on immunizations. If you have diabetes, get the flu shot and ask your provider about the pneumonia vaccine.
- The flu shot and other vaccines won’t prevent you from getting COVID-19. However, they will help protect you from getting COVID-19 and another virus, like the flu, at the same time.
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Which Type Of Flu Vaccine Should I Get
There are two main ways flu vaccines are giveninjections and nasal sprays. Experts recommend the flu shot for people with diabetes or CVD.
The safety of nasal spray vaccines for people with these conditions is unknown. Ask your health care provider if you have questions about which way to get the flu vaccine is right for you.
Why You Should Get The Flu Jab When You Have Diabetes
Flu is serious and can make your blood sugar go all over the place. If your blood sugar isnt within target, the effects of flu can be dragged out and increase your risk of developing serious complications like pneumonia. This puts you at risk of going into hospital. Getting a flu jab will help you avoid this.A vaccine protects you against the most common types of flu currently around. As this changes each year, it means you need a new jab each year too.
“Flu increases the risk of needing to go into hospital for people with diabetes so we must do all we can to keep protected against flu this year. That’s why the free NHS flu jab is so important.” Dan Howarth, our Head of Care and Diabetes Specialist Nurse
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High Blood Sugar May Make Pneumonia Deadlier
WEDNESDAY, May 30 — Elevated blood sugar levels may help predict death in pneumonia patients, researchers say. The new study included nearly 6,900 patients, average age 60, with community-acquired pneumonia who were admitted to hospitals and private practices in Austria, Germany and Switzerland between 2003 and 2009. Community-acquired pneumonia, one of the leading infectious diseases in industrialized nations, is a major cause of illness and death, according to background information in the study published online May 29 in the journal BMJ. Compared to patients with normal glucose levels at admission, those with elevated levels had a higher risk of death within 28 and 90 days. The higher a patient’s glucose levels, the greater the risk of death, the investigators said in a journal news release. The death rate within 90 days was 3 percent for patients without diabetes and normal glucose levels, 10 percent for those without diabetes but with elevated glucose levels, and 14 percent for patients with diabetes, regardless of their glucose levels on admission, the study revealed. The findings show the necessity of glucose testing and close glucose monitoring after patients with community-acquired pneumonia are discharged from hospital, in order to diagnose diabetes and to prevent further complications, concluded Dr. Philipp Lepper, of the University Hospital of Saarland in Germany, and colleagues. — Robert PreidtContinue reading > >
Certain Antibiotics To Address Infections Such As Utis And Pneumonia
A class of antibiotics called fluoroquinolones, used to treat illnesses like pneumonia and urinary tract infections , has been shown to cause both very low and high blood sugar, a study published in October 2013 in the journal Clinical Infectious Diseases found. In addition, pentamidine, an antimicrobial drug used to treat a certain kind of pneumonia, can also cause a rise in blood sugar.
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Increased Risk Of Flu Complications And Pneumonia
Even if your blood sugar is under control, you still have a higher risk of developing serious complications from the flu if you have diabetes. Thats because of the way diabetes negatively affects your immune system. Sinus infections, pneumonia, hospitalization, and even death are all possible complications of the flu.
Common flu symptoms include fever, cough, body aches, chills, and fatigue. Pneumonia symptoms depend on how severe the infection is, but often include a cough with colored mucus, fever, sweats, chills, shortness of breath, and quick, shallow breathing.
What Causes Blood Sugar To Rise In Non
Dr. Danielle Weiss is the founder of the Center for Hormonal Health and Well-Being, a personalized, proactive, patient-centered medical practice with a unique focus on integrative endocrinology. She enjoys giving lectures and writing articles for both the lay public and medical audiences.
High blood sugar or glucose, also called hyperglycemia, occurs when there is too much sugar in the blood. High blood sugar is the primary symptom that underlies diabetes, but it can also occur in people who dont have type 1 or type 2 diabetes, either because of stress or trauma, or gradually as a result of certain chronic conditions.
It is important to manage high blood sugar, even if you dont have diabetes, because elevated blood glucose can delay your ability to heal, increase your risk of infections, and cause irreversible damage to your nerves, blood vessels, and organs, such as your eyes and kidneys. Blood vessel damage from high blood sugar also increases your risk of heart attack and stroke.
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